The Mediterranean diet has been linked to a number of health benefits, including reduced mortality risk and lower incidence of cardiovascular disease. Definitions of the Mediterranean diet vary across some settings, and scores are increasingly being employed to define Mediterranean diet adherence in epidemiological studies. Some components of the Mediterranean diet overlap with other healthy dietary patterns, whereas other aspects are unique to the Mediterranean diet. In this forum article, we asked clinicians and researchers with an interest in the effect of diet on health to describe what constitutes a Mediterranean diet in different geographical settings, and how we can study the health benefits of this dietary pattern. The online version of this article doi
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While some epidemiological studies have reported potential health benefits of moderate wine consumption, the extent of these health benefits seems to be less apparent for other alcoholic beverages [ 51, 52 ]. The use of indexes evaluating the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in epidemiological studies: a review. Key to the Mediterranean diet, consumption of legumes may be associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease CHD [ 98, 99 ]. A global dietary Renaissance is required, returning the traditional Mediterranean diet to its primacy in the region and, crucially, incorporating our knowledge of its numerous health benefits to practical, regionally tailored dietary guidance and policies worldwide. Even though pulses production increased by 3. This may explain why certain Western experts refuse to acknowledge any health benefit from consuming olive oil, as if olive oil and oleic acid are the same things. An open-label study on the effect of flax seed powder Linum usitatissimum supplementation in the management of diabetes mellitus.